What is Robusta Coffee?
What is Robusta Coffee?
The coffee world is full of beans and each takes your taste buds on a unique experience. There are bound to be ones that are not popular among coffee connoisseurs. When looking at the vast selection of coffee beans, you can’t forget to talk about the Arabica bean’s bitter sibling: Robusta.
Robusta beans are an infamous type of bean ruled out by many coffee lovers. Due to various factors –– like Robusta coffee’s bitter taste –– Arabica is almost exclusively preferred over Robusta.
However, this coffee bean should not be shown contempt because Robusta has its uses! Just take a look at instant coffee or espressos which are primarily made of Robusta coffee.
If you’re thirsty for more information on this lesser-known bean of the coffee world, here is what Robusta coffee has in store for you!
Where are Robusta Coffee Beans from?
Robusta coffee comes from the plant species, Coffea canephora, which originates from Africa. The coffee plant is also grown in northern Brazil, Indonesia, India, the Philippines, and Vietnam. Today, Vietnam has become the largest producer of Coffea canephora.
Arabica vs. Robusta
Robusta and Arabica coffee beans vary in multiple areas, let’s dive in:
First and foremost, Arabica coffee tends to be sweeter and has a diverse range of fruity tones. While Robusta coffee’s flavors incorporate earthy and peanut notes.
On top of these delicious aspects, Arabica is much smoother and softer than Robusta coffee.
Arabica’s pleasing characteristics are due to its degree of lipids.
Lipids are naturally occurring substances that are insoluble in water and soluble in non-polar organic solvents. Arabica has 60% more lipids than Robusta. Therefore, Arabica has more flavor retention.
Farmers use much care when growing Arabica beans. Due to their fragile nature, Arabica must grow in a cool, subtropical environment at a high altitude. This habitat should have a lot of moisture, rich soil, shade, and sunlight. One great downside of Arabica is its vulnerability to attacks from various pests, cold temperatures, and poor handling.
Yet, unlike Arabica, Robusta coffee plants are easier to cultivate because they do not require specific conditions to grow.
The Robusta coffee bean contains 60% more Chlorogenic Acid (CGA) than Arabica. CGA makes Robusta more bitter, adds a natural pesticide to the plant, and functions as a healthy antioxidant. As a result, Robusta beans are protected from pests and can freely flourish.
There is less acidity and more bitterness in Robusta’s taste because it has a high caffeine percentage.
While Arabica contains about 1.5% caffeine, Robusta contains approximately 2.7%. Also, Arabica has twice the sugar content as Robusta. Considering the large amount of bitterness in Robusta, it can be said that Arabica is the sweeter option between the two.
Robusta - The Overlooked Coffee
In the end, we sadly have to admit that Robusta will never take Arabica’s title as “the most popular coffee.” The main factors holding Robusta back are its high degree of bitterness and harsh flavors. The sweetness, lipids, and fruity tones of Arabica make it more appealing for people’s tastebuds.
To add insult to injury, Robusta coffees suffer from quality control. Due to its beans being easier and cheaper to make, Robusta coffee production is greatly increased in the coffee industry. This increase leads to the creation of high-quality Robustas from one company and cheap Robustas from another.
However, Robusta still has many uses and a niche place in the coffee world. By incorporating Robusta into your espressos, they can have a lush crema. Also, if you’re late to work or a meeting –– and need the energy to focus when you get there, Robusta gives you a great boost of energy.
Coffee With Amora
At Amora, we use 100% Arabica beans for all our coffees. The smoothness and softness of Arabica provide a better drinking experience than the harsh bitterness of Robusta. Not to mention, coffee drinkers generally prefer Arabica’s sweet and fruity tones to Robusta’s earthy, peanut notes.
Whether you prefer Robusta, Arabica, or both, remember: the best coffee beans come from high-quality farms that use environmentally safe techniques. At Amora Coffee, we strive to give customers just that! We have curated a wide range of delicious coffees that use 100% Arabica beans.
With our convenient subscription service, you gain access to the most beautiful coffees that will ever grace your mug. If you want to learn more about our monthly coffee club, don’t hesitate to contact us. Also, visit our Bean Blog for tips, tricks, and recipes.